Q1. What comes first, menopause or perimenopause?
The correct answer is peri-menopause. This is the name for the stage when changes begin to emerge before a woman reaches menopause. The perimenopause usually starts in the mid-forties, but can start earlier or later and last several years. The perimenopause is not the same as an early menopause.
Q2. At about what age does menopause typically begin? 45, 47, 51, 54?
The correct answer is 51.
Menopause usually occurs sometime between age 45 and 55, but the average age is 51, according to the National Institute on Aging (NIA) and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (ACOG). Menopause means the permanent end of menstruation.
Q3. How long does it typically take for a woman to progress through All stages of menopause?
The correct answer is, 4-5 years, but it varies and can take anything up to 12 years
Q4. A woman is considered to be in menopause after she has missed how many menstrual cycles?
The correct answer is 12.
Menopause begins at that point when you have had your last menstrual cycle, the NIA says. You won't know whether you have had your last period until you have been period-free for one year.
Q5. Name one of the four common factors which can cause premature menopause?
The correct answers are; smoking, autoimmune disorders, hysterectomy, having a mother who went through early menopause. Very early menopause is rare but can happen as early as teenage.
If you smoke, you may go through menopause about 1-2 years earlier than women who don't smoke, the NIA says.
Q6. Hot flushes are the most common symptom of menopause. What percentage of women experience them? 100%, 75%, 50% or 30%
The correct answer is 75%.
Hot flushes can occur several times an hour, a few times a day, or once or twice a week. These can be most bothersome when they occur at night, disturbing sleep patterns. Most women have hot flushes for 1 to 5 years and some have them longer…….
Menopause is not the only cause of hot flushes in women, it can also indicate other health conditions such as a problem with the thyroid, so women should see their doctor for confirmation of the cause!
Q7. A blood test can help confirm if a woman is beginning menopause. What does the blood test measure?
The correct answer is, Follicle-stimulating hormone.
The pituitary gland releases this hormone to stimulate the ovaries to release follicles, or eggs. A blood test that measures the hormone, along with symptoms such as hot flushes and period cessation, confirms perimenopause—the stage just before menopause.
Q8. There are two serious adverse effect of menopause on women’s health, please name one?
The correct answer is Osteoporosis or Heart disease
Bones thin when ovaries stop producing oestrogen. Cholesterol levels can rise, which threatens heart health.
Q9. How much bone loss does a woman have in the first 5 years of menopause? 10% 5% 20% 15%?
The correct answer is 20% over 5 to 7 years.
Talk with your GP about what you can do to help prevent bone loss.
Q10. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) eases some of the negative symptoms of menopause. Which two of the following hormones is used in HRT. Oestrogen, testosterone, Follicle-stimulating hormone, progesterone?
The correct answer is Oestrogen and progesterone.
Used for a short time, hormone therapy can help relieve symptoms of menopause. Long-term use, though, raises the risk for breast cancer, heart attack, and stroke.
Q11. If a woman experiences menopause after age 50, how long should she continue using some form of birth control? 3 months, 6 months, 12 months or not at all?
The correct answer is 12 months.
A woman who doesn’t want to get pregnant should continue to use birth control for at least a full 12 months after her last period.
Q12. Which two acts of law may relate to the perimenopause and menopause in the workplace?
The correct answer is:
•The Equality Act 2010 protects workers against discrimination. This includes because of their sex, a disability and their age
•The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 says an employer must, where reasonably practical, ensure health, safety and welfare at work.
This is because In an employment tribunal, menopause symptoms have been accepted to be a disability. Consequently, it is advisable, as well as being good practice, for an employer to consider making changes for a worker experiencing peri-menopausal or menopausal symptoms.
Q13. Can an employer discipline a staff member for being off sick due to menopause or perimenopause?
The correct answer is no. Though they may try to! According to ACAS If a worker is off sick because of the menopause or perimenopause, the employer should not include these absences in their attendance record. This means that absence because of the menopause or perimenopause should not lead to a disciplinary warning.
Employers and managers need to be aware that there are risks of disability discrimination and/or sex discrimination, and/or age discrimination if a worker is mismanaged because of their menopause or perimenopause symptoms.
Q14. Can any men experience menopause? Yes or No?
Correct answer is Yes. ACAS advises that “employers should be aware that a trans man - someone who proposes to go through, is going through or has gone through a process, or part of a process, to change their gender from woman to man - may go through peri-menopausal and menopausal symptoms.”
Q15. What proportion of women will have severe menopausal symptoms?
Is it, 1 in 3, 1 in 5, 1 in 10, or 1 in 20,
The correct answer is 1 in3. Most women over 50 will have, or have had, peri-menopausal or menopausal symptoms that affect their work. For one in three the symptoms will be severe. For one in four the symptoms will be mild.
Score 1 point for answering each question correctly! Up to a total of 15